Unit 2 Assignment: Psychological Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards
For this week’s Assignment you will examine the APA Code of Ethics and the Ethical Principles of Psychologist and Code of Conduct articles. Review and select from one of the (4) ethical dilemmas listed below and summarize how this it is a violations to the APA ethics of best practices and discuss the specific codes of violation. Evaluate the ethical violations and address how these issues affect the validity of the assessment outcome with scholarly journal articles.
1.) A parent wants their child in a gifted/accelerated program, he/she offers the psychologist a payoff incentive to ensure that the scores exceed the selection criteria.
2.) The psychologist is bias in custody/divorce cases and offers preferential treatment in their court reports to one parent causing the court to select that parent for primary or sole custody.
3.) A psychologist lives in a rural area and often lacks funding to update the assessment tools used, most inventories are not culturally sensitive or were not developed/standardized/normed for the clients’ dominant language.
4.) A clinician often tests in unsuitable conditions by having clients that are not comfortable with technology or computer assessments, the examiner often conducts testing without breaks or reading the instructions, he/she allows untrained staff to administer tests, and testing rooms are unacceptable i.e. hot/cold/rooms or construction noise outside the building.
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Write a 5-7 page essay incorporating the following elements based on your findings:
Discuss the ethical case scenario and applicable qualities that relate to the APA ethical codes.
Write your own critical review on the infractions and your analysis on how to address the problems noted.
Take an affirmative position on whether or not these ethical challenges affect the validity of the case, and if there are additional test biases noted.
Along with the text, and the articles below, use a minimum of one scholarly article to support the issues with validity and outcome data The supporting articles should be accessible through the following Library links.
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2010 Amendments to the 2002 “Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct.” (2010). American Psychologist, 65(5), 493. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020168
Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. (2002). American Psychologist, 57(12), 1060–1073. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.57.12.1060
O’Donohue, W. T. (2016). Oppression, Privilege, Bias, Prejudice, and Stereotyping: Problems in the APA Code of Ethics. Ethics & Behavior, 26(7), 527–544. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2015.1069191
Ethics forms an important part of psychology, especially in therapy and research. Working with patients, as well as undertaking research related to psychology, can have many ethical as well as moral challenges that have to be addressed. The 2002 ethical code and subsequently, the revised 2010 APA code of ethics gives guidance on how professionals working in the field of psychology should solve ethical and moral dilemmas. Other than the ethical codes which have to be enforced, APA also provides principles that are expected to act as the guiding principle for psychologists. The principles and codes have been designed not to limit the ability of psychologists to provide quality services but rather to guide as well as inspire psychologists towards the provision of sound and ethical services in their area of specialization. Based on an identified ethical dilemma, this paper seeks to discuss the ethical qualities related to the APA ethical codes as well as a personal review of how the ethical dilemma ought to have been solved. The paper will also present an affirmative position regarding the implication of the ethical dilemma presented in the case scenario.
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Discussion of the Ethical Case Scenario and the Related Applicable Qualities The identified ethical dilemma is “A parent wants their child in a gifted/accelerated program, he/she offers the psychologist a payoff incentive to ensure that the scores exceed the selection criteria.” The underpinning words in this case scenario are that the psychologist accepts to receive an incentive to provide higher scores that can enable the parent to admit the child in a gifted/accelerated program. The case scenario is a violation of not only the ethical principles but also the ethical code of conduct. By accepting the incentive, the psychologist went against the principle of beneficence and nonmaleficence…